Class #6: How we Struggle with Probability
In short: Even extremely well educated and qualified people have great difficulty dealing with (a) randomness or (b) probabilistic reasoning.
Schick & Vaughn, Chapter 5 (pp. 96-111; pp. 139-142)
Class #7: Cognitive Limits on Reasoning
In short: Human judgement is driven not simply (or at all) by logic, but rather by cognitive shortcuts and social influences.
Class #8: Social & Media Influences on Reasoning
In short: Not only is human judgement driven by cognitive shortcuts and social influences, it is also heavily affected by the way mass media works.
Class #9: Psychology as Science
In short: When considering whether parts of psychology are pseudoscientific, it is worth remembering that psychology as a whole conforms to scientific assumptions much better than many other fields commonly considered (without dispute) to be ‘sciences’.
Hughes, Chapter 8 (pp. 97-110)